In the early 1990s, in Bristol, UK, an enigmatic genre emerged called Trip-Hop. Though its leading artists, including Massive Attack, Tricky, and Portishead, have openly rejected the label, the word “trip-hop” has become synonymous with the style created by Bristol bands. Here, we will discover what Trip-Hop is, why its most prominent artists oppose the term, and how you can use it in your creative projects.
WHAT IS TRIP-HOP?
Trip-Hop fuses elements of hip-hop, electronic beats, jazz, and soul to create a sound that is as melancholy as it is intriguing. Defined by its moody atmospheres, soulful vocals, and hypnotic beats, it transcends conventional boundaries, creating a unique and immersive musical experience. Take, for example, Pond5 contributor Musinova’s song Sensual 90S Trip-Hop Lofi Hip Hop. It takes you on a romantic journey through a hip-hop beat.
HISTORY OF TRIP-HOP:
As the name suggests, the term describes a sort of psychedelic hip-hop. Trip-hop is a combination of the immersive style of music with the downbeats used in hip-hop. The term “trip-hop” was first published in the early 1990s in MixMag, a prominent British dance and club music magazine. Music journalist Andy Pemberton coined the phrase while describing the sonic journey, or “trip,” experienced through DJ Shadow’s track “In/Flux.” Despite that being the first printed reference, fans credit the genre to earlier DJ crews from Bristol. This reference is why some use “Bristol Sound” synonymously with “trip-hop”. One of the biggest DJ crews in Bristol was the Wild Bunch, who evolved into two of trip-hop’s pioneering acts: Massive Attack and Tricky.
Massive Attack’s Blue Lines
When Massive Attack released their debut album, Blue Lines, in 1991, they unknowingly created the blueprint for future trip-hop music. The album blends soul, reggae, hip-hop, and electronic music. Tracks like “Unfinished Sympathy” and “Safe from Harm” popularized the trip-hop genre.
In 1993, Icelandic international artist Bjork released an album called Debut. The album, produced by Wild Bunch member Nellee Hooper, contained elements of trip-hop and is credited as one of the first albums to introduce electronic dance music into mainstream pop.
Another Bristol band, Portishead, released their debut album in 1994 entitled Dummy. The following year, Dummy won the Mercury Music Prize as the best British album of the year. This accolade resulted in the most significant exposure for the Trip-Hop genre since its inception. With an influx of imitators, Portishead began to distance themselves from the trip-hop label they had inadvertently helped popularize.
Rejecting the Trip-Hop Classification
Many of the pioneering Trip-Hop artists have openly rejected the genre label. Some feel it was a term invented by record companies to create a market rather than an actual music genre. Others think the phrase is limiting and doesn’t reflect their music. And some believe it to be a cultural appropriation of hip-hop.
Trip-Hop has continued to evolve and appears in the music of many mainstream artists like Adele, Lana Del Ray, and Billie Eilish. The further we get from the genre’s origins, the less off-putting the term has become. It is becoming a helpful classification rather than a label from which to rebel.
These characteristics can help classify a Trip-Hop song:
- Downtempo Beats: Trip-Hop often features slow to mid-tempo drum beats, creating a relaxed, dreamy groove.
- Sampling: Producers use fragments of existing music or sounds, tweaking them to craft new compositions employing a typical trip-hop method.
- Electronic Production Technologies: The genre prominently relies on synthesizers, drum machines, and digital effects in its production.
- Instrumentation: Trip-Hop embraces a diverse range of instruments, such as keyboards, bass guitars, and brass or string instruments, adding depth and complexity to the music.
- Vocals: We commonly characterize Trip-Hop by sultry or ethereal female vocals, though male voices or instrumental tracks are also typical. The vocal approach often complements the music’s somber and atmospheric tone.
- Lyrics: Trip-Hop lyrics cover a spectrum of topics, ranging from contemplative and melancholy themes to social and political critique.
THREE CREATIVE USES:
- Film Soundtracks for Moody Atmospheres: The genre’s downtempo beats and emotive undertones can enhance the emotional impact of scenes. Try a song like Trip-Hop Noir (Dark Pulsing Expansive Sexy Brooding Driving Hypnotic) Drmbss by goldcoastmusic.
- Podcast Backgrounds for Engaging Narratives: Whether it’s for intros, transitions, or ambient background music, Trip-Hop’s versatility creates immersive storytelling. A great choice might be Somber Contemplation No Drums (Cinematic, Trip-Hop, Emotional Mood Music, Sad) by HDSMedia.
- Video Games: The genre’s atmospheric qualities can underscore key moments, heightening the player’s emotional engagement. Use Trip-Hop as a tool to craft soundscapes that adapt to the narrative. Try something like [Electronic Dark Sparse] Trip-Hop Army by pimusic.
Free Track & Trip-Hop Collection
From a label no one wanted to a style that some of the world’s most prominent artists embrace, Trip-Hop has made a journey as a genre. Incorporating Trip-Hop into your creative projects can create an immersive experience and open up a realm of emotions to impact how audiences perceive and connect with your work.